Devotees offering prayers in Mosques, India celebrates Eid-ul-Adha

Najore Bangla English desk : Eid al-Adha was celebrated across India. Amid Covid-induced restrictions on large gatherings, India celebrates Eid al-Adha on Wednesday. Devotees were seen offering prayers in Mosques in compliance with Covid-19 guidelines of masking and social distancing. This is the second successive year that Eid al-Adha is being celebrated with Covid-related restrictions. Indian and Pakistani Army troops exchanged sweets for Eid al-Adha at the Poonch-Rawalkot crossing point. Security personnel stand guard at a market area near Jama Masjid on the occasion of Eid al-Adha during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, in New Delhi. Muslims after offering ‘namaz’ on Eid al-Adha at Nakhoda Masjid, in Kolkata. Police personnel greet Muslims after they offered prayers on the occasion of Eid al-Adha at the Jama Masjid Khairuddin in Amritsar. Muslims greet each other on the occasion of Eid al-Adha, at Taj Mahal complex, in Agra.

President Ram Nath Kovind wished the nation on Eid-ul-Adha. “Eid Mubarak to all fellow citizens. Eid-uz-Zuha is a festival to express regard for the spirit of love and sacrifice, and to work together for unity and fraternity in an inclusive society. Let us resolve to follow Covid-19 guidelines and work for happiness of all,” President Kovind said in a tweet.

The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has greeted the people on the occasion of Eid-ul-Adha. In a tweet, the Prime Minister said; “Eid Mubarak! Best wishes on Eid-ul-Adha. May this day further the spirit of collective empathy, harmony and inclusivity in the service of greater good.” Union ministers and opposition leaders also extended greetings for Eid al-Adha. The Chief Minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee also greeted the people on the occasion of Eid-ul-Adha on social media.

There are two key Eid’s (Celebration Festivals) in Islam: Eid-ul-Fitr, which signifies the completion of the Holy Month of Ramadan; and Eid-ul-Adha, the greater Eid, which follows the completion of the annual Hajj pilgrimage, at the time of Qurbani (sacrifice). Although Eid-ul-Adha has no direct relation to the Hajj Pilgrimage, it is but a day after the completion of Hajj and therefore has significance in time.

The day of Eid-ul-Adha falls on the tenth day in the final (twelfth) month of the Islamic Lunar Calendar; Dhu-al-Hijjah. The day that celebrations fall on is dependent on a legitimate sighting of the moon, following the completion of the annual Holy Pilgrimage of Hajj –  which is an obligation for all Muslim’s who fit specific criteria, one of the important Five Pillars of Islam.

The celebration of Eid-ul-Adhais to commemorate Prophet Ibrahim’s devotion to Allah SWT and his readiness to sacrifice his son, Ismail. At the very point of sacrifice, Allah SWT replaced Ismail with a ram, which was to be slaughtered in place of his son. This command from Allah SWT was a test of Prophet Ibrahim’s willingness and commitment to obey his Lord’s command, without question. Therefore, Eid-ul-Adha means the festival of sacrifice.

Depending on the country, the celebrations of Eid-ul-Adha can last anywhere between two and four days. The act of Qurbani (sacrifice) is carried out following the Eid Salaah (Eid Prayers), which are performed in congregation at the nearest Mosque on the morning of Eid.

The act of Qurbani consists of slaughtering an animal as a sacrifice to mark this occasion in remembrance of Prophet Ibrahim’s sacrifice for Allah SWT. This is also known as Udhiya. The days of animal sacrifice total three days, from the 10th to the 12th of Dhu-al-Hijjah.

The sacrificial animal must be a sheep, lamb, goat, cow, bull or a camel; the sheep, lamb or goat consist of one Qurbani share, whereas a bull, cow or camel consist of seven shares per animal. The animal must be in good health and over a certain age in order to be slaughtered, in a “halal” friendly, Islamic way.

The Qurbani meat can then divided into three equal portions per share; one-third is for you and your family, one-third is for friends, and the final third is to be donated to those in need. Traditionally, the day is spent celebrating with family, friends and loved ones, often wearing new or best attire and the giving of gifts.

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